In 2004, graphene was isolated for the first time from graphite using exfoliation. Graphene is the world’s thinnest and strongest material, endured with remarkable electrical, thermal and optical properties. It is only a single atom thick and is therefore referred to as a 2D material.
Graphene is a natural material and is the basic building block of graphite. Graphene is also highly transparent, but is still 200 times stronger than steel and can be flexed easily without breaking. It has the largest surface area of all materials, and it is the most stretchable crystal.
Graphene is the best electricity conductor known to man, as well as a great thermal conductor. All in all, this simple carbon-based material is known for its many properties as it is strong, light, flexible, transparent and is a great electronic and heat conductor. (Source: The Graphene Handbook, Ron Mertens, 2015)
Graphene’s unique and various properties makes the material suitable in many different applications. Some of these applications include:
2. Conductive Inks
3. Composite Materials
4. Coatings and Paints
5. Energy Generation
6. 3D Printing
8. Medicine & Biology
10. Military and Aerospace